Saturday, May 21, 2011

Batik popiler II batik process

Creating Batik
The two main techniques used for creating batiks are hand-painting (Batik Tulis) and printing. A variety of high quality cottons (e.g. Voile, Rayon, Volisima) and silks (e.g. Crepe du Sin, Chinese Silk, Hand-woven Indonesian Silk) are used.
-Canting Tulis (writing tool)                                  -Paintbrush
-Canting Cap (wood or copper printing block)     -Bunsen Burner
-Wax (mix of paraffin and sticky wax)                  -Small Wok
-Natural and Chemical Dyes

Batik Tulis
  1. Prepare a white section of cloth using the textile and dimensions of your choice. 
  2. Use a pencil to draw your motif on the cloth.
  3. Gently melt a block of wax in the wok.
  4. Place a small amount of wax inside the canting.
  5. Blow the tip of the canting to ensure smooth delivery of the wax.
  6. The three main techniques for applying the wax are as follows:
  7. Klowong:  Wax is applied to the lines of your design
  8. Ngerensi:  Wax is applied to the body of the design.
  9. Di Blok:  The background is covered with wax, leaving the pattern untouched. (However, if you want some parts of the pattern to be lighter, these areas must be blocked)
  10. Apply the dye. You can then repeat steps 5 and 6 in certain areas to achieve contrast between lighter and darker colors.
  11. Boil the material so that the wax turns to steam, revealing the white cloth beneath
  12. Now block the reverse portion of the patter to get your background/foreground color. Apply your dye.
  13. While the dye is still wet, apply hydrogen chloride (HCL), nitrate, and water.  This will prevent the colors from fading.
  14. Boil again, then hang to dry in the sun. Iron when dry.
Batik Print
The process is much the same, except a printing block is used instead of the canting tulis writing tool. The wax is applied to the block, which is then stamped onto the materal.

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